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   Information Center Gibraltar
Gibraltar General Information
History of Gibraltar
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Gibraltar Geography
Gibraltar Population
Gibraltar Government
Gibraltar Economy
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Gibraltar Transportations
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Gibraltar Transportations


Gibraltar has 49.9 kilometres (31 mi) of highways, all of which are paved. It has one of the highest levels of per capita car ownership in the world, with as many motor vehicles as people. Unlike the United Kingdom, traffic in Gibraltar drives on the right, as it shares a land border with Spain. Traffic formerly drove on the left; the change to driving on the right was made at 5.00 am on 16 June 1929.

There are no extant railways in Gibraltar. There was formerly an extensive railway within the Gibraltar Dockyard, and neighbouring works and storage facilities. It included tunnels, one of which went through the Rock of Gibraltar. At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries there was also a temporary industrial railway in Gibraltar. At the period when both railways were operational, it was possible to travel right round the entire coastline of Gibraltar by train. The dockyard railway had a roster of 17 locomotives, distinguished by numbers, but four of which also carried names: Gibraltar, Catalan, Rosia, and Calpe.

Today the nearest railway station (in Spain) is "San Roque – La Línea" station on the ADIF line from Algeciras to Bobadilla Junction via Ronda. Until 1969 a ferry from Gibraltar provided convenient access to Algeciras station.

Being a peninsula, the sea has long been vital to Gibraltar's transport links. The Royal Navy Dockyard was formerly Gibraltar's major employer. There is still a harbour on the west side of the territory. There was a direct regular fast ferry service to Tangiers, Morocco until 2003, but passengers must now travel from Algeciras or Tarifa.

The ferry between Gibraltar and Algeciras, which existed until 1969, when communications with Spain were severed by the Spanish dictator Francisco Franco, was finally reopened on December 16, 2009, served by the Spanish company Transcoma.

Various cruise liners visit the Port of Gibraltar throughout the year. This provides the means of transport for a significant proportion of day-tripper tourists arriving in the territory.

Gibraltar Airport is the territory's only airport. It is situated very close to the border with Spain. The road to Spain crosses the runway, requiring the road to be closed each time an aircraft lands or takes off. Scheduled civilian passenger flights are operated by EasyJet, British Airways, Monarch Airlines and Ándalus Líneas Aéreas.


Airports :
1 (2009)

Airports - with paved runways :
total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2009)

Roadways :
total: 29 km
paved: 29 km (2007)

Merchant marine :
total: 240
by type: bulk carrier 5, cargo 125, chemical tanker 51, container 43, passenger 1, petroleum tanker 10, roll on/roll off 5
foreign-owned: 225 (Belgium 2, Cyprus 1, Denmark 7, Finland 3, Germany 129, Greece 6, Iceland 1, Morocco 4, Netherlands 21, Norway 33, Sweden 13, UAE 3, UK 2)
registered in other countries: 7 (Liberia 5, Panama 1, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1) (2008)

Ports and terminals :





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