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Gibraltar General Information
 
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Gibraltar Government
 
 
 

General

As an overseas territory of the UK, the head of state is Queen Elizabeth II, who is represented by the Governor of Gibraltar. The UK retains responsibility for defence, foreign relations, internal security and financial stability.

After an election, the Governor appoints the leader of the largest party in the unicameral parliament, as Chief Minister. The Governor is not involved in the day-to-day administration of Gibraltar, and his role is largely as a ceremonial head of state. The Governor is responsible for matters of defence and security only. The Government of Gibraltar is elected for a term of four years.

The Gibraltar Parliament (previously the House of Assembly) consists of 17 elected members, and the Speaker. Under the electoral system of partial bloc voting used since 1969, voters must choose 10 candidates, who need necessarily not be from the same party but usually are. The winning candidates are then chosen by simple plurality; consequently, a party seeking to form a government stands 10 candidates, and the party that forms the government is usually successful in having all 10 of its candidates elected; the remaining seats are usually won by the 'best loser' which then forms the opposition.

Overview

Country name :
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Gibraltar

Dependency status :
overseas territory of the UK

Government type :
NA

Capital :
name: Gibraltar
geographic coordinates: 36 08 N, 5 21 W
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

Administrative divisions :
none (overseas territory of the UK)

Independence :
none (overseas territory of the UK)


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