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Gibraltar Geography
 
 
 

General

The territory covers 6.843 sq km (2.642 sq mi). It shares a 1.2 km (0.75 mi) land border with Spain. On the Spanish side lies the town of La Línea de la Concepción, a municipality of the province of Cádiz. The Spanish hinterland forms the comarca (county) of Campo de Gibraltar (literally, Gibraltar Countryside). The shoreline measures 12 km (7.5 mi) in length. There are two coasts (sides) of Gibraltar – the East Side, which contains the settlements of Sandy Bay and Catalan Bay, and the Westside, where the vast majority of the population lives. Gibraltar has no administrative divisions but is divided into seven Major Residential Areas.

Having negligible natural resources and few natural freshwater resources, limited to natural wells in the north, until recently Gibraltar used large concrete and/or natural rock water catchments to collect rainwater. Fresh water from the boreholes is supplemented by two desalination plants: a reverse osmosis plant, constructed in a tunnel within the rock, and a multi-stage flash distillation plant at North Mole.

Gibraltar's terrain consists of the 426 m (1,398 ft) high Rock of Gibraltar made of Jurassic limestone, and the narrow coastal lowland surrounding it. It contains many tunnelled roads, most of which are still operated by the military and closed to the general public.

Gibraltar's climate is Mediterranean/Subtropical with mild winters and warm summers. There are two main prevailing winds, an easterly one known as the Levante coming from the Sahara in Africa which brings humid weather and warmer sea and the other as Poniente which is westerly and brings fresher air and colder sea. Rain occurs mainly in winter, with summers being generally dry.

Overview

Location :
Southwestern Europe, bordering the Strait of Gibraltar, which links the Mediterranean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, on the southern coast of Spain

Geographic coordinates :
36 08 N, 5 21 W

Map references :
Europe

Area :
total: 6.5 sq km
land: 6.5 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative :
more than 10 times the size of The National Mall in Washington, DC

Land boundaries :
total: 1.2 km
border countries: Spain 1.2 km

Coastline :
12 km


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